“If he (the bishop) is going to exclude anyone who has any doubt about a church teaching, he’s going to exclude 100 percent of the membership of the church, including
himself. He has to be a human being, the same as me, and I have doubts about some
of the church teachings,” Dolezal said.
I just love how dissenters put all teachings on the same level. If you have a problem
with celibate-only clergy, you’re not a heretic. Supporting homosexuality, female
clergy, and abortion are much more serious. There are also different kinds
of doubt. From the Catechism of the Catholic Church:
2087 Our moral life has its source in faith in God who reveals his love to us. St. Paul speaks of the “obedience of faith”9 as our first obligation. He shows that “ignorance of God” is the principle and explanation of all moral deviations.10 Our duty toward God is to believe in him and to bear witness to him.
2088 The first commandment requires us to nourish and protect our faith with prudence and vigilance, and to reject everything that is opposed to it. There are various ways of sinning against faith:
Voluntary doubt about the faith disregards or refuses to hold as true what God has revealed and the Church proposes for belief. Involuntary doubt refers to hesitation in believing, difficulty in overcoming objections connected with the faith, or also anxiety aroused by its obscurity. If deliberately cultivated doubt can lead to spiritual blindness.
2089 Incredulity is the neglect of revealed truth or the willful refusal to assent to it. “Heresy is the obstinate post-baptismal denial of some truth which must be believed with divine and catholic faith, or it is likewise an obstinate doubt concerning the same; apostasy is the total repudiation of the Christian faith; schism is the refusal of submission to the Roman Pontiff or of communion with the members of the Church subject to him.”11
9 Romans 1:5, 16:26
10 Cf. Romans 1:18-32
11 Codex Iuris Canonici, canon 751: emphasis added.
It’s sad that the Church must resort making people sign an “affirmation of faith” , but I think in a lot of parishes, it may be a necessity. I still think
a version of the catechism should be written that only covers matters of faith and
morals, i.e. infallible teachings. Every catechumen should be required to read it
so they know just what they’re accepting if/when they join the Church.